There several types of farming relating to chicken producing and poultry farming methods, 4 types when you count the growers that concentrate upon breeding parent stock and grandparent stock. Generally commercially produced chicken farm owners will probably target just one of the next three kinds of poultry agriculture. These types of production may be free range producing, organic farming or intensive poultry producing.
poultry battery cages
Broiler chicken production
It is the growing of poultry for the purpose of their meat for consumption. The cycle, or time to be able to grow a bird from a day old chicken up to the sell-able weight, is usually 4 — Six weeks. Free range chickens will be placed inside the chicken house that is the same as intensive agriculture – but shall be permitted to forage outside. During intensive poultry farming your birds should be held within your chicken house and usually roughly fifteen hens a sq. meter.
Layer chickens for egg growing
Hens are in general procured at the age of Eighteen weeks (point of lay hens) and tend to be kept for approximately sixty weeks – in this time frame hens will lay on average 0.8 chicken eggs a day. During intensive egg production the point of lay hens shall be held in layer cages or battery cages. In free range egg growing and also organically grown egg growing all of the point of lay hens are going to stay inside your chicken house and yet have got access to open space and also be permitted to look for food naturally. Larger chicken houses will use automatic drinking and feeding systems. Smaller chicken coops will use manual feeding and drinking methods.
Breeder farming shall have a hen house which carries both cocks as well as hen chickens. The chicken eggs should be picked up daily then taken away to a hatchery. The prime focus of such a farm is in order to grow day old birds in order to offer the poultry segment along with farmers who will probably raise chickens to 18 weeks for egg growing. In all of the 3 sorts of chicken farming, all the fundamental farming principles stay the same – All the hens shall need heating, cooling, medication, feed plus water.
The variety of chicken is not significant, all chickens need these fundamentals. Regardless of whether it is a poultry structure keeping thirty five thousand chickens or maybe a small-scale hen coop for one hundred birds, the grower will adopt all of the same principles. In larger chicken houses infection can easily spread really quickly, and the losses, clearly, will be significantly higher.
pan feeding for poultry
Smaller-sized growers will give food to their hens by hand – either employing tube feeders or spreading the feed by hand. Layer farmers will utilise a pan feeding system, or possibly a chain feeding method. These kinds of feeding systems are completely automatic and make the task of giving birds food very straight forward. All the feed for automated feeding systems would come from a silo.
Water for Chickens
Small to medium sized poultry growers will use either bell drinkers or water fonts in order to supply the chicken with water. Larger growers will probably make use of a nipple drinking system. Impex nipples are usually sought after by lots of producers. This is arguably the best nipple drinking system on the market – and at a price you can afford. The quality of water is very important – like humans, chickens need quality water. Water with scale, or dirt in it, can clog the nipples easily.
Heating up a hen house
Generally there are a number of methods for warming up a poultry coop, though laying hens may possibly not require heating around warmer climates, day old chicks shall clearly have to have warmth. Propane gas poultry heaters really are the first option for many chicken farm owners. (Gasolec makes a excellent poultry heater). Other solutions may be electric brooders that make use of infrared heat lamps, and also heatcos, that work with fossil fuels.
Cooling down a poultry structure
Large houses will have cooling fans plus winched curtains – small sized growers are going to also choose fans, yet smaller sized. The most reliable technique to be able to cool down a poultry structure is by utilizing a winched curtain method. The curtains run down both lengths of the hen coop and can be lifted, as well as lowered, dependent upon the what is needed at the time. Sealed, or closed, environment poultry houses do not use curtains but massive fans and water – quite similar to air conditioning.
The Chicken House
Almost all small poultry farm owners will probably have some sort of steel poultry houses specifically designed for poultry, a laying layer house will have laying cages intended for egg production along with curtains which lower all the way to the ground. Larger producers will use brick and mortar structures. Broiler chicken farmers will probably grow their poultry on the flooring which is usually covered with wood shavings. No matter which variety of agriculture that you mean to try out, you will want to inoculate, plus medicate all your birds. You will also use products like stress packs which contain vitamins to help the chickens. Organic chicken farm owners are controlled in exactly what medicines they are able to provide to the chicks.
Lighting in a hen coop
Light sources are highly beneficial in any sort of hen house , no matter if this will be eggs, broilers or breeders. Lights, when utilised appropriately, can assist with production, along with body-weight gain, and also loss. It probably will assist the laying hens to lay more eggs, and also the broiler chickens to actually eat more. Lots of small hen producers disregard this valuable aspect, and yet for a rather small outlay of cash, your improvement in production can be substantial. Free range and organic and natural chicken agriculture are limited by way of the regulations and may not use lights as efficiently as intensive chicken producers.
Auxiliary solutions and Poultry equipment
As with any kind of business – the larger your production, the more techniques you search for to save money and effort. Many alternative systems that assist farmers are systems like mono rails (that is a gantry that carries things such as feed, egg trays plus medicines). Larger egg farmers probably will have an automatic egg sorting machine – a particularly inventive, and costly, bit of machinery, that sorts, grades, plus cleans all the eggs in to weights , and then simply stores them into egg containers.
Whatever sized farmer that you want to be one would do well to find out about all the ins and outs of farming. Learning exactly how other people do it may be the difference between staying in business and going out of business. Try to reinvent the wheel is a waste of time – just replicate what your opposition does, as well as refine on their procedures.
Computerised systems and poultry farming software
Computers perform a great role in larger poultry farms – managing food, temperature, water as well as humidity. Software is very advanced and to manage a large farm, or even a small farm, computers are essential.
There are also devices designed for de beaking chicks – utilised in intensive chicken farming to put a stop to the chickens wounding each other, and equipment used for the slaughtering of poultry, as well as cutting and preparing the chicken into salable food portions. Batch weighers are usually used for you to determine precise food meals and quantities for poultry houses.
Whatever poultry farming you decide on, the methods of chicken farming remain the same. There are obviously finer details that differ between the types of chicken farming – especially if you plan on free range or organic poultry farming. Poultry software will not help you to actually farm – only to mange your farm better!